Ancient, rich in microclimates and with a variety of strains. This is the demarcated Douro region and it sits on shale soils in an area of ??great beauty that is distributed by secular terraces along the banks of the River Duero (Douro in Portugal).
In addition to beeing a site of World Heritage and birthplace of Port wine, the region is producing excellent white table wines, red wines, sparkling wines and muscat. The complexity of the aromas of port wine, originallycalled Vinho de cheiro (wine aroma), has continued to seduce the senses throughout the centuries. The proof of age is that they just celebrate their age: September 10, the Port Wine Day celebrates 259 years as the first demarcated region of the world.
Among the strains authorized in the production of wines of Douro, the most used are Touriga Nacional (the “Portuguese Cabernet”), Tinta Barroca, Tinto Cao and Tinta Roriz (the Spanish tempranillo). The vast majority of wine is made with several strains although monovarieties are also produced, usually in the wines of Touriga Nacional, Tinta Roriz and Touriga franca.
The way of the winery, manual or the mechanical steps, is part of the traditional method of wine production in the Douro. However, some of the producers have contributed with the most recent methods, e.g.stainless steel tanks with temperature control during fermentation. The advantage of the original method is its ability to extract the tannins, the second allows the production of wines with well-preserved aromas. The use of the two methods simultaneously results in complex wines, quite dense and structured. In addition, a new generation of winemakers went on proving that the Douro lives not only of Porto. In this region, table wines are made with new methods and are true specialists in winemaking.
In 2014, the prestigious magazine Wine Spectator has tasted 18,000 wines from around the world to classify them in terms of quality, price and availability in the market. Your selection Top 10 includes three wines from the Douro region.
Vintage port wine Dow’s 2011 Symington Group was chosen as the best wine in 2014, 99 points out of 100. In third and fourth place, both with 97 points, were the Chryseia 2011 (also Symington) and Quinta do Vale Meão, Olazabal & Filhos, descendants of Antónia Ferreira, the famous “Ferreirinha”.
The Real Companhia Velha has over 250 years in production and owns an archive of historical documentation (across the river Douro, in Vila Nova de Gaia, where the large wineries) enjoying the Douro wines are personalities like Marques de Pombal, Napoleon and Catherine of Russia.
This company sells and produces Porto wine on its 535 hectares of vineyards, distributed over 7 equal farms producing table wines such as Quinta das Carvalhas, one of the oldest in the region and the Quinta de Cidró in S. João da Pesqueira.
Real Companhia Velha Vintage Port 2004
Real Companhia Velha Vintage Port 1985