Tag: red wine

Types of wine glasses

 TAGS:undefined

The same way that there are different types of wines, each suited to a particular moment, there is also a great range of glasses. Each shape is designed to deliver the optimal conditions for consumption, something that we have to consider.

In general, all the experts agree that wine glasses should be made of crystal glass or transparent glass without decorations and colours. Furthermore, they should be made with materials of the highest possible quality. Also, consider the better the quality, the more expensive the glass. In terms of their form, the goal is to enjoy the taste and aroma of the wine under the best conditions.

Red wine glasses

Red wines are usually served in large glasses with a wide and rounded bowl and a large opening enabling the wine to breathe. By offering a large surface in contact with the air you’ll better appreciate its aromas. Among the red wine glasses, there are also more specific varieties, such as the Bordeaux glasses for instance. These are taller and with a smaller bowl, designed for the wine to reach the back of the mouth to maximize the flavour. The Burgundy glasses are slightly lower than latter, with a wider bowl to better appreciate the qualities of wines especially produced from Pinot Noir grapes.

White wine glasses

These glasses are usually narrower. Apart from enabling the release of the aromas of the wine, they also have to maintain a cool temperature.

Rosé glasses

Although a white wine glass can also be valid for a rosé, there are specific designs for them. Ideally, the best thing is a glass with a short bowl and a slightly flared edge.

The glasses for sweet and fortified wines are smaller than the above and there are a variety of shapes depending on the specific wine. Learn the specifics of different sparkling wine glasses in a separated article of Uvinum.

 TAGS:Syrah Riedel GlassSyrah Riedel Glass

Syrah Riedel Glass

 

 

 TAGS:Glass Esprit Casual 4UGlass Esprit Casual 4U

Glass Esprit Casual 4U

 

 

How to clean wine stains?

 TAGS:undefined

Sure has happened to us that we stumbled upon a glass of wine in a meeting and we get a stain on our clothes. Wine stains may be a little difficult to remove and depending on the type of fabric you must use different methods.

  • For dry wine stains you should leave the stain to soak in some warm milk until you see how it disappears. Then you can wash the garment as you usually do.
  • For fresh wine stains: pour some salt on them and then proceed to wash the garment with soap and water.
  • To get rid of white wine stains there are several options: If it is a thick fabric, you can wash it with warm water and soap, if it is a more delicate fabric you can rub it with alcohol before wetting it. You can also put a splash of lemon juice or fine salt.
  • To remove red wine stains on tablecloths fabric, rub them with white wine.
  • For red wine stains on shirts or blouses, you can can rub them with cold water mixed with a touch of ammonia. A second option is to mix liquid soap with peroxide and apply it to the stain.
  • To remove wine stains on carpets: Dissolve 1 tablespoon of detergent and 1 tablespoon of ammonia in a glass of warm water. Dampen a sponge with the mix and then rub the stain. Finally rinse with water and vinegar and let dry.
  • To remove red wine stains on marble: Use a damp cloth if it is fresh and if it is dry, mix a splash of bleach with a some water to clean.
  • To clean red wine stains on the walls, whether they are painted or papered, you can clean with white wine and finish with hydrogen peroxide diluted in water.

 TAGS:Borsao Selección 2014Borsao Selección 2014

Borsao Selección 2014: The current vintage of Borsao Selección as well as the previous ones have received medals and awards from some of the most prestigious international competitions.

 

 

 TAGS:La Rioja Alta Gran Reserva 904 Magnum 2004La Rioja Alta Gran Reserva 904 Magnum 2004

La Rioja Alta Gran Reserva 904 Magnum 2004:  a red wine from Rioja DO of La Rioja Alta cellar made with tempranillo and graciano of 2004 and 12.5º of volume of alcohol. 

Image: Geoff (flickr)

Portugal, land of wine: Dão and Beiras

 TAGS:undefined

“Terras do Dão” is synonymous with ‘Lands of Wine’ and people say, that you can even smell the roses in Beira Alta wine. The Beiras Region crosses Portugal from side to side, from the Atlantic to the border with Spain; to the North by the Minho and the Douro river and to the south by the Alto Alentejo and Ribatejo, counting on five designations of origin.

In 2011, the appellation called ‘Terras da Beira‘ was created, containing three designated regions: Dão, Bairrada and Beira Interior.

Dão white wines are rather fruity while reds are full-bodied with a velvety taste. In this plain region, which is beautifully surrounded by mountains that protect the vines from the winds, there are properties many centuries old, cellars, agricultural cooperatives and associations devoted to the production and tasting of wine.

This is also the case of Quinta do Cabriz in Carregal do Sal, one of the country’s leading wine producers. Several times awarded, their white, red and sparkling wines (with Touriga Nacional rosé) ensure a good relationship between quality and price. The exception to low price is its ‘vino de topo‘, the Cabriz Four C, produced with 4 Portuguese strains of great quality. Another major wine-producing property in this area is located on the slopes of the river Dão. The Casa de Santar has been producing prestigious wines for over 300 years.

White wines from Beiras are fresh and fruity; red wines are full-bodied with an intense colour and show great ageing potential.

In the list of wine producers, there is also space for the production of organic wines. For instance, Casa Mouraz in Tondela is very devoted to red, white and rosé wines of organic production.

In 2003/2004, another wine type (or another concept of wine) emerged: Kosher wine. The Terras de Belmonte is a wine produced according to Jewish rules in Belmonte, where in the past a large Jewish community had established  itself. The big difference of this wine is the production process itself, where only Jews can intervene without the use of yeast and additional products of animal origin.

Our recommendation today comes from Bairrada. It is a rosé partially aged in oak, a very aromatic wine with balanced acidity and structure: The Filipa Pato 3B. Its producer and oenologist, Filipa Pato, does not accept the current designation of origin, and simply prefers to call her product “traditional method” while waiting to get her own appellation, something similar to the history of Cava in Catalonia.

 

 TAGS:Julia Kemper Tinto Bio 2009Julia Kemper Tinto Bio 2009

Julia Kemper Tinto Bio 2009:  A red wine from Dao DO of Julia Kemper cellar of vintage 2009. 

 

 

 TAGS:Quinta de Cabriz Selected Harvest 2013Quinta de Cabriz Selected Harvest 2013

Quinta de Cabriz Selected Harvest 2013: A wine red with the Dao DO of 2013 and 13º of alcohol strength.

 

Photo: Guy Moll

How to alternate different wines at New Year’s Eve dinner

 TAGS:undefined

Very special holidays are coming, where gastronomy will be the star and wine is central axis of friends and family gatherings. You can already choose your wine for Christmas if you want your dinner to be a success; choose quality and variety, and be sure they will thank you for it.

Fish, meat, desserts… at Christmas we eat too much and so varied, that is why we must alternate different wines especially on New Year’s Eve dinner, which is usually longer.

From white to red. It is a traditional way to alternate them and as some tastings are usually carried out. This is usually because of what we eat, since usually we begin, as starters, with snacks, soups and some fish, so white wines are preferred. Sirloin steak, turkey or pork as main courses open a wide field for us to finish the dinner with a powerful red. In this way, the flavours will be more intense at every moment of dinner. Normally, a white and two or three red wines are served to produce more impact on the palate.

From dry to sweet. Everything depends on the menu, but another way is to start with white or dry red wines to switch to sweet wines, such as Muscat, with desserts. The combination of dry with starters and main courses will be much better when paired properly, and the soft and sweet ones (where white grapes are lifted), pair perfectly with nougat and marzipan. Also, in this way, dinner is less indigestible.

By protocol. The first wine is usually uncorked and tasted by the host of the dinner, although he may make honours to some guest to taste it. After opening the bottle, it can be left on the table, although the right to do is leave it on a side table and serve it as the glasses get empty. The first glasses are filled halfway and then to consumer tastes. The protocol marks to serve firstly white and rosé wines at a temperature of 10°, then the reds at room temperature of 20º and finally sherry, sweet wine or sparkling wine at about 8º.

Do you already have the wines for New Year’s Eve dinner? We recommend:

 

 TAGS:Pruno 2014Pruno 2014

Pruno 2014: a red wine with Ribera del Duero DO made with tinta fina of 2014 and with an alcohol content of 13.5º. Pruno 2014 is ideal to combine with barbecue and game. 

 

 

 TAGS:Juan Gil 4 Meses 2014Juan Gil 4 Meses 2014

Juan Gil 4 Meses 2014: a wine red with the Jumilla DO vinified with monastrell from 2014 and presents an alcohol content of 14.5º.

 

 

 TAGS:El Novio Perfecto 2014El Novio Perfecto 2014

El Novio Perfecto 2014  is a white wine with Valencia DO from vintage 2014 and with an alcohol proof of 12º. 

 

 

 TAGS:Recaredo Brut de Brut 2006Recaredo Brut de Brut 2006

Recaredo Brut de Brut 2006:  a sparkling wine from this DO: Cava with the best bunches of 2006 xarel·lo and macabeo and with an alcoholic strength of 11.5º.

 

 

Portugal as a land of wine: Azores and Madeira

 TAGS:undefined

Madeira wine, or just Madeira, is also known as Generoso Madeirense or Vinho de Torna-Viagem and is produced on the island for over 500 years.

Departing ships loaded with wine, considered second-class, made possible to discover the power and impact of fermentation. The wine was stored in the cellars of the ships for over a year and the accumulated heat in the tropical region cruises transformed it into excellent nectar.

When fermentation happened on solid ground, two types of technique that originated 2 kinds of wine were developed: the “canteiro” wine, fermented in barrels stored in the top storage during the early years, which lower floor as they aged (you can drink them from the 4th year); the “estufado” wine heated in vats at 55° C for 3 months, which can be consumed from the 3rd year. In the Azores of the XIX century, the “estufado” wine was a strong-tasting drink and colour similar to Sherry.

Madeira is a fortified wine, rich, with an alcohol content between 17 and 22º, which remains in oak barrels through a slow and concentrate oxidation process. This type of wine is divided into: Blend, wines of varying age, with an average of 10 years and from the same strain; Colheita (vintage), wines from the same vintage and a single strain. They can be consumed from the 4th year; Vintage, which ages at least for 20 years and then must pass a test that determines the authorization to be bottled or not. These are wines of great age, great acidity and freshness. There are some Vintage 1975 in perfect condition.

However, the fame of the islander wines do not spread to all the islands in the same way.

 TAGS:undefined

Wines from Azores“Pasado” wine (Malvasia strain) and “Seco” wine – produced on the island of Pico, had a vinification process similar to that of Madeira, where the fermentation was interrupted by adding brandy, as with the Port wine, but the wines from Azores were considered lower quality than Madeira wines.

Probably because of the lack of data existing on the issue, for a long time it was believed that the wine elaboration was limited to the islands of Pico and Graciosa, but they were actually all devoted to the growth of vineyards. Although they were rocky islands with very difficult climatic conditions, as a result of volcanic eruptions, the Azores have performed an intensive effort of vineyard planting.

In the first half of the nineteenth century the islands suffered an aggressive outbreak of powdery mildew, which forced the replacement of strains such as Verdelho (white Verdejo), and instead some American vines were planted, especially the strain “Isabela” (banned today in Europe for its high content of methanol).

The elaboration of spirits suffered a considerable increase, and flavours multiplied, from molasses brandy of the island of S. Jorge, to the dark spirits of Terceira, and the red fig, loquat and peach liquor, from Pico Island.

White wine recovery was gradually achieved and one of the examples of the history of wine in Azores is the Cooperative Winery of Graciosa Island.

In Madeira, the Madeira rum, white and aged, has won a role that can even be visited – the “Engenho do Porto da Cruz” is a museum centre, near the “Casa del Ron”, where you can drink some exceptional reserves.

Among the strains traditionally used in the islands we can find:

  • Malvasia – One of the first strains that reached the islands of Azores and Madeira during the first half of the fifteenth century. This strain produces a sweet wine, with aroma and flavour of nuts and notes of honey. A perfect pairing with cheeses and chocolate.
  • Verdelho – It produces a semi-dry wine, taste of ripe pineapple and tropical aroma. Good pairing with cheeses and soft broths. This strain is used in the two archipelagos.
  • Cercial – With this strain is made a dry wine, with citrus and caramel aromas. It is ideal as an aperitif or combined with nuts or olives. This strain is used in the two archipelagos.
  • Boal / Bual – The result is a semi-sweet wine, with honey aroma and taste of caramel. It is ideal in the pairing with fruits, cheeses and desserts. High quality strain in the Azores and used in the two archipelagos.
  • Tinta Negra – Some say that this strain is the result of crossing Pinot Noir with Grenache. In Spain it is known as Negramoll and is cultivated mostly in the Canary Islands. Pairing with vegetables, rice and white meat.

 TAGS:Madere CruzMadere Cruz

Madere Cruz: a fortified wine with DO Madeira which blend contains negramoll.

 

 

 TAGS:Blandy's Madeira Malmsey 10 Years OldBlandy’s Madeira Malmsey 10 Years Old

Blandy’s Madeira Malmsey 10 Years Old: a fortified wine of the best of malmsey grapes and presents an alcohol content of 19º.

 

 

What are the 10 most expensive wines in the world in 2015?

 TAGS:undefined

Wine Searcher recently published a list of the most expensive wines in the world in the year 2015, which first 10 positions can be seen below. As expected, the top positions are dominated by French wines, an international benchmark in terms of wine investment.

  1. Henri Jayer Richebourg Grand Cru, Cote de Nuits (France) at $ 13,580: This wine is made from Pinot Noir. This makes it the most expensive wine; its price has increased these past 3 years and is one of the most popular in Europe and Asia. Made from Pinot Noir.
  2. Domaine de la Romanee Conti Grand Cru, Cote de Nuits (France) at $ 13,196: The critics have named it one of the top 5 French wines; The Wine Advocate gave the 2012 vintage a score of 99 and Jancis Robinson gave the 2012 vintage a score of 19/20. Its price gradually increased the last three years to become the second most expensive Burgundy. Made from Pinot Noir in Romanee-Conti, a Grand Cru vineyards site (and the corresponding designation of origin) of the sub-region of Burgundy’s Cote de Nuits.
  3. Henri Jayer Cros Parantoux, Vosne Romanee Conti Grand Cru (France) at $ 8,473: Rated by the critics as one of the top 5 Vosne-Romanee Cros Parantoux wines, it is the second most expensive Vosne-Romanée Premier Cru wine. Its price has risen in the last year. Cros Parantoux is one of the most respected areas in Vosne-Romanee, considered by many to be worthy of Grand Cru status. It is located on the slopes above the Richebourg Grand Cru climat, and like its famous neighbour, is used to plant Pinot Noir.
  4. Ego Muller Scharzhof Scharzhofberger Riesling Trockenbeerenauslese, Mosel (Germany) at $ 6,924: This is the white wine with the highest price in Germany and the third most popular. In the past three years the price has increased. Made from Riesling in Wiltingen, a small but important town in the Saar river. Wiltingen has three vineyards that have been classified by the VDP as Erste Lage – Scharzhofberger, Braunfels and Gottesfuss.
  5. Domaine eFlaive Montrachet Grand Cru, Cote de Beaune (France) at $ 5,769: This is the white wine with the highest price of Cote de Beaune. Its price has been rising in the last three years. Made from Chardonnay.
  6. Domaine Georges & Christophe Roumier Musigny Grand Cru, Cote de Nuits (France) at $ 4,935: This wine is the most expensive of Chambolle-Musigny. In the past three years its price has increased. Made from Pinot Noir (the key red wine grape in Burgundy) in Le Musigny, a Grand Cru vineyard in the heart of the wine region of Burgundy’s Cote de Nuits.
  7. Jon. Jos. Prum Wehlener Sonnenuhr Riesling Trockenbeerenauslese, Mosel (Germany) at $ 4,867: This is the third best rated wine by The Wine Spectator and the second most expensive in Germany. Made from Riesling in Wehlen, one of the most popular villages in the Germany’s Mosel wine region, located just under the waters of Bernkastel-Keus and Graach, and immediately before Zeltingen.
  8. Domaine de la Romanee Conti Montrachet Grand Cru, Cote de Beaune (France) at $ 4,458: Rated by The Wine Advocate as one of the top 5 Puligny-Montrachet wines, has received more awards than any other wine from this region. Made from the Chardonnay variety in the Montrachet vineyard, the crown jewel of Burgundy white wines.
  9. Domaine LeRoy Musigny Grand Cru, Cote de Nuits (France) at $ 4,454: This is the second most expensive wine of Chambolle-Musigny, its price has increased over the past three years. Made from Pinot Noir in Le Musigny, a Grand Cru vineyard in the heart of the wine region of Burgundy’s Cote de Nuits. As its name suggests, it is located in the parish of Chambolle-Musigny. This vineyard has played an important role in local life – so much so that in 1882, its name is added to the village name (originally only “Chambolle”). The vineyard was officially classified as Musigny Grand Cru in 1936.
  10. Domaine Jean Louis Chave Hermitage Cuvee Cathelin, Rhone (France) $ 4,131: This is the third French wine with the highest rating at The Wine Advocate and Wine Spectator. This is the most expensive wine of Rhone, in the last two years the price has been trending upward. Made from Syrah, a dark skin red wine grape. Its origins have been popularly discussed, but its modern home is certainly the Rhone Valley in north-eastern France.

For our part, today we propose two wines from France that you’ll love, although not listed in this luxurious classification:

 TAGS:Château Talbot Double Magnum 2004Château Talbot Double Magnum 2004

Château Talbot Double Magnum 2004: a red wine with this DO: Saint-Julien with the best bunches of petit verdot and merlot from the 2004 vintage and with an alcoholic strength of 13º.

 

 

 TAGS:Château Pavie Saint Emillion 2004Château Pavie Saint Emillion 2004

Château Pavie Saint Emillion 2004: a wine red with the Saint-Emilion DO from the 2004 harvest and 14º of alcohol strength.

 

 

*Image: Alin Zelenco

Portugal as a land of wine: the wine regions of Lisboa and Ribatejo

 TAGS:undefined

The district of Lisbon has always been present in the history of wine culture of Portugal. Much of the production of white wines of Bucelas (Denomination of Origin region from 1911 until today) regularly travelled to English court.

In Colares (near Sintra), there are the country’s oldest vines. After several decades falling into oblivion, the Adega Cooperativa de Colares has developed and boosted its production. Here there are produced “crianzas” (4 years required), open coloured and approximately 12.5% alcohol content. The main grapes are Ramisco, in red wines, and the delicate Malvasia, in white wines. Anyone who has had the opportunity to taste the wines from this area certainly have noticed that they are a little jewel in terms of body and very special aroma.

Another wine region that shares territory with the Tagus river is Ribatejo, known for its generous wine production for the domestic market, thanks to large areas of flat terrain and temperate climate, which once supplied the Portuguese colonies in Africa.

From the 80s the Ribatejo vineyards have undergone major restructuring, coming from its cellars themselves, now with stainless steel tanks -before concrete-, oak barrels for aged wines, and even the production legislation of regional wines, which allows the use of strains not admitted by the DO, which consequently opens a wide range of possibilities to create new wines.
The traditional strains are many: Periquita and Castelão Nacional are the queens of the reds, while for the whites they usually use Fernão Pires and Arinto, among others. But the vineyard restructuring has allowed the introduction of international strains such as Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir, Merlot and Syrah, with excellent results. Their white wines are fruity and with floral aromas, and reds are aromatic with soft tannins.

Also in Lisbon there is a great wine production with the strain Periquita, in addition to Touriga Nacional and others. The Lourinhã region develops excellent aged spirits and just off, in Óbidos (Leiria district) they produce a very aromatic liqueur, garnet red, called Ginginha de Óbidos, and some varieties have aromas of cinnamon or vanilla. Carcavelos wines, the smallest Portuguese wine region, are syrupy, age very well and have a topaz colour and aroma of almonds.

Arruda dos Vinhos – Lisbon (also called “Ruta de vinos” or wine route) produce some of the best wines in the region, maintaining its quality for over 50 years. The reds are robust, garnet red and whites are light, straw or citrine coloured.

Since the choice is difficult… our recommendations for today are more than two : )

From the Lisbon district:

From Ribatejo we offer a white wine and a red wine. The first is the result of the union between the traditional Fernão Pires with Sauvignon Blanc; the second is born from Touriga Nacional and Syrah.

 TAGS:Chocapalha 2010Chocapalha 2010

Chocapalha 2010: a red wine with this DO: Lisbon with a blend based on the 2010 grapes and 13º of alcohol strength.

 

 

 TAGS:Casal Santa Maria Sauvignon Blanc 2014Casal Santa Maria Sauvignon Blanc 2014

Casal Santa Maria Sauvignon Blanc 2014: a white wine Lisbon based on sauvignon blanc of 2014 and has a volume of alcohol of 13º. 

 

 

*Article originally published by Rita Bonet at O Blog de Uvinum

Portugal as a land of wine: Porto and Douro

 TAGS:undefined

Ancient, rich in microclimates and variety of strains. This is the demarcated Douro region which sits on shale soils in an area of great beauty that is distributed by secular terraces next to the banks of the Douro river in Portugal.

In addition of being World Heritage and birthplace of Port wine, the region is producing excellent white and red table wines, sparkling wines and muscat. The complexity of the aromas of Port wine named “Vinho de cheiro” (wine of odour) in another era, continues to seduce the senses throughout the centuries. The proof is that it has already a day to celebrate its age: on September 10, the Port Wine Day celebrated 259 years of the first demarcated region of the world.

Among the strains permitted in Douro wines winemaking, the most used are Touriga Nacional (the “Portuguese Cabernet”), Tinta Barroca, Tinto Cão and Tinta Roriz (the Spanish “Tempranillo”). The vast majority of wines are made from various strains but the monovarietal also have a presence, often in wines based on Touriga Nacional, Tinta Roriz and Touriga Franca.

 TAGS:undefined

The winepress, with manual or mechanical treading, is part of the traditional method of wine production in the Douro region. However, some producers provided more recent methods, such as stainless steel tanks with temperature control during fermentation. The advantage of the first method is its ability to extract the tannins, while the second allows the production of wines with well preserved aromas. Using both methods simultaneously results in complex wines, quite dense and structured. There is also a new generation of oenologist committed on proving that Douro not only lives from Port wine. In this region, table wines are made with new methods and by specialists in winemaking.

In 2014, the prestigious magazine Wine Spectator has tasted 18,000 wines from around the world to classify them according to their quality, price and availability in the market. Their Top 10 selection includes three wines from the Douro region.
The Port wine Vintage Dow’s 2011 by Symington Group was chosen as the best wine of 2014, 99 points out of 100. In third and fourth place, both with 97 points, were the Chryseia 2011 (also Symington) and Quinta do Vale Meão, by Olazabal & Filhos, descendants of Antónia Ferreira, the famous “Ferreirinha”.

The Real Companhia Velha is more than 250 years old and owns an archive of historical documentation (across the Douro river, in Vila Nova de Gaia, where the great cellars are) linking the Douro wines to personalities such as the Marques de Pombal, Napoleon and Catherine of Russia.

This company sells and produces Port wine on its 535 hectares of vineyards, distributed over 7 properties producing table wines, such as the Quinta das Carvalhas, one of the oldest in the region, and the Quinta de Cidró, in S. João da Pesqueira.

From this last property comes our first buying suggestion at Uvinum:

 TAGS:Ferreira Dona Antonia ReservaFerreira Dona Antonia Reserva

Ferreira Dona Antonia Reserva is a fortified wine with this DO: Port of the best of port and tinta roriz grapes and with an alcoholic strength of 20.00º. 

 

 

 TAGS:Graham's 10 anosGraham’s 10 anos

Graham’s 10 anos: is a Port blended vinified with tinta çao and port and 20º of volume of alcohol.

 

 

* This article was originally published by Rita Bonet at O Blog da Uvinum.

Australia: the country where growth dreams will be fulfilled

 TAGS:undefined

If there is a country that knows no crisis, that is Australia. The economy seems to flow and new business opportunities open to other countries. So, even if it’s far away, it is not surprising that some Spanish companies have decided to expand borders and perform studies about the country and its demand.

While Australia is a producer of wines from different appellations and key axis of the market in different regions, Spanish wine can be a good product to export to the country, because it seems that growth will be exponential in the coming years.

For this reason and many others, the country’s riches are constant and some business organizations know it, helping Spanish companies to export to Australia. An example is what the Trade Promotion Institute of Castilla-La Mancha (IPEX) states, organizing a trade mission of agrifood producers to the Australian fair of wine and beer. The event will take place in Melbourne from August 31 to September 2, and in the city of Sydney, on September 7.

Two key dates for Spanish companies to make themselves known, to explore the territory and do business in one of the lands of more expansion worldwide. Thanks to this trade mission, trade agendas and the intervention of these in showrooms and tasting areas will be called for Spanish food and drinks companies.

Those skilled in this matter predict that the Spanish product is largely untapped in the country and that is really fashionable, so it is an excellent opportunity to open borders for some of the Spanish companies. But not everything are good news: Spaniards may face some obstacles, such as the distance between countries and also the entry restrictions on products and services that the country is imposing, while they can be overcome successfully.

 TAGS:Viña Ardanza Reserva 2007Viña Ardanza Reserva 2007

Viña Ardanza Reserva 2007: a red wine with Rioja DO which blend contains tempranillo and garnacha of 2007 and presents an alcohol content of 13.5º.

 

 

 TAGS:Pruno 2013Pruno 2013

Pruno 2013: a red wine of the Ribera del Duero DO is made with tempranillo and cabernet sauvignon of 2013 and with 13.5º of alcohol content.

 

 

The shape of the glass determines the taste of wine

 TAGS:undefined

It is well known that for different wines, glasses of different shapes are used, which favour the tasting of their contents by presenting specific features, but so far we haven’t had news about the shape of the container being able to change the taste of the wine itself.

Well, this is the conclusion reached by a group of Japanese scientists, analysing the ethanol vapour emanating from a wine glass by means of a camera system developed at the Tokyo Medical and Dental University. The experiment uses a mesh impregnated with the enzyme alcohol oxidase, which converts the low molecular weight alcohols to aldehydes and hydrogen peroxide. This mesh is also impregnated with peroxidase and luminol, and the whole, placed on top of a glass of wine, triggers a chemical reaction that causes a colour change, then collected and analysed by the camera.

Thus, depending on the shape of the glass and the temperature of wine, very different images are captured, indicating changes in the taste we would perceive while tasting the wine in different containers, providing different “bouquets” and taste effects.

Specifically, the study director Kohji Mitsubayashi, reveals that at 13º C the concentration of alcohol emanating is lower at the centre than at the rim of the glass, resulting in a ring-shaped pattern that favours the appreciation of wine aroma without interference from ethanol.

Conversely, at higher temperatures and differently shaped glasses (straight cut glasses, Martini glasses, etc.), this pattern disappears and the wine loses (apparently) its most characteristic properties, demonstrating that the design of the glasses plays a decisive role in the enjoyment of wine. Thus, this system is also emerging as an ideal help to perfect the design of glasses, supported by scientific evidence.

 TAGS:Viña Ardanza Reserva 2005Viña Ardanza Reserva 2005

Viña Ardanza Reserva 2005: a red wine from the Rioja DO which blend contains tempranillo and garnacha of 2005 and presents an alcohol content of 13.5º.

 

 

 TAGS:La Rioja Alta Gran Reserva 904 2004La Rioja Alta Gran Reserva 904 2004

La Rioja Alta Gran Reserva 904 2004: a red wine Rioja produced with graciano and tempranillo from the 2004 vintage and with an alcoholic strength of 12.5º.