Tag: studies

How much can hangover cost to a government?

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At Uvinum we have always advocated for responsible and moderate alcohol consumption, as only healthy and effective way to enjoy the pleasure of tasting a glass of wine or any of the drinks we talk about in these pages.

In fact, there is evidence that excessive consumption of alcohol affects not only people as individuals, but society as a whole, being a matter that directly affects the levels of health welfare of a country and, as discussed below, its economy.

This is what emerges from a study performed by the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention of the US, concluding that hangover, i.e., “the delayed aftereffects of drinking too much alcohol in a relatively short period of time”, costs the US economy $77bn per year, as a result of low productivity and missed working days.

Thus, among all economic damages caused by the excessive consumption of alcohol, such as traffic accidents, health, public safety problems, etc., the greatest impact is produced by hangover. If we add up all these factors, the economic impact rises to $249bn, an impressive amount that, according to the study, implies that each drink sold in the US has a cost to the economy of $2.05.

We are convinced that if we conducted this study in Spain or other European countries, the results also would be equally surprising and disturbing, something that probably should be taken very seriously by the authorities, especially in times of recession as we currently live.

The study, which analysed economic data from 2010, has been led, among others, by Robert Brewer, head of CDC’s Alcohol programme, which stated: “The increase in the costs of excessive drinking from 2006 to 2010 is concerning, particularly given the severe economic recession that occurred during these years. Prevention strategies across the country are being under-used”.

Are you more like Mary Poppins or Hemingway?

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If one thing is certain in the field of alcoholic beverages, is that today all kinds of studies are performed, something that shows the interest in this world among the general public. Even the most serious and substantiated studies are echoed in the media by striking approaches, like the one recently conducted by the University of Missouri-Columbia, in the US, which distinguishes between drinkers of four different personalities.

The essay, titled “Searching for Mr Hyde: A five-factor approach to characterizing ‘types of drunks’”, published in the journal Addiction Research and Theory, presents the results obtained from surveying over 300 men and women about their behaviour either when sober and when drunk.

Thus, factors such as extroversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, intellect and emotional stability are evaluated to classify the types of drinkers, resulting in four basic categories, namely, “Mary Poppins”, “Hemingway”, “Nutty Professor” and “Mr. Hyde”.

Interestingly, a large amount of people surveyed, up to 40% of them, fall in the “Hemingway” category, reserved for people who apparently see little decline in their intellect or conscientiousness when drinking, and consider themselves to be reliable and able to process complex ideas. In this typology, men and women divide their role.

In contrast, men predominate in the “Nutty Professor” type, which includes 20% of the participants, which are considered introverts who become extroverts when they drink.

Women are the majority when we speak about “Mary Poppins”, which frames drinkers who remain friendly, cooperative, compassionate and agreeable (15% of the total).

Finally, the “Mr. Hyde” type, with a considerable 23% of drinkers and again dominated by women, represents those who appreciate intellect, conscience and kindness lows when they drink, with a tendency to suffer blackout episodes and to be arrested because of their behaviour.

Whatever it is, we would like to recommend you drinking in moderation and choosing good wines and spirits, as the ones below.

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Lan Reserva 2008:  a red wine Rioja produced with mazuelo and garnacha from the 2008 vintage. 

 

 

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Juan Gil 12 Meses 2013: a red wine with Jumilla DO with the best bunches of monastrell from the 2013 vintage and 15º of alcohol content. 

 

 

The shape of the glass determines the taste of wine

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It is well known that for different wines, glasses of different shapes are used, which favour the tasting of their contents by presenting specific features, but so far we haven’t had news about the shape of the container being able to change the taste of the wine itself.

Well, this is the conclusion reached by a group of Japanese scientists, analysing the ethanol vapour emanating from a wine glass by means of a camera system developed at the Tokyo Medical and Dental University. The experiment uses a mesh impregnated with the enzyme alcohol oxidase, which converts the low molecular weight alcohols to aldehydes and hydrogen peroxide. This mesh is also impregnated with peroxidase and luminol, and the whole, placed on top of a glass of wine, triggers a chemical reaction that causes a colour change, then collected and analysed by the camera.

Thus, depending on the shape of the glass and the temperature of wine, very different images are captured, indicating changes in the taste we would perceive while tasting the wine in different containers, providing different “bouquets” and taste effects.

Specifically, the study director Kohji Mitsubayashi, reveals that at 13º C the concentration of alcohol emanating is lower at the centre than at the rim of the glass, resulting in a ring-shaped pattern that favours the appreciation of wine aroma without interference from ethanol.

Conversely, at higher temperatures and differently shaped glasses (straight cut glasses, Martini glasses, etc.), this pattern disappears and the wine loses (apparently) its most characteristic properties, demonstrating that the design of the glasses plays a decisive role in the enjoyment of wine. Thus, this system is also emerging as an ideal help to perfect the design of glasses, supported by scientific evidence.

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Viña Ardanza Reserva 2005: a red wine from the Rioja DO which blend contains tempranillo and garnacha of 2005 and presents an alcohol content of 13.5º.

 

 

 TAGS:La Rioja Alta Gran Reserva 904 2004La Rioja Alta Gran Reserva 904 2004

La Rioja Alta Gran Reserva 904 2004: a red wine Rioja produced with graciano and tempranillo from the 2004 vintage and with an alcoholic strength of 12.5º. 

 

The red wine that will help you lose weight

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On many other occasions we talked about some of the benefits of wine for health, referring to cardiovascular diseases, as an anti-ageing factor… But so far we haven’t had news of its possible influence as accelerator of weight loss, something that would be added to a long list of good reasons to drink wine, always in moderation.

According to a recent study by Oregon State University, a specific type of red wine slows the growth of fat cells in the liver, a finding that would indicate, once all relevant testing is performed, that consumption of red grapes -fresh, in form of juice or fermented as wine- could help solving health problems related to obesity, especially hepatic steatosis, also known as “fatty liver” or FLD.

In particular, the compound responsible for this beneficial behaviour of some types of grape is the ellagic acid, also present in oak galls, in addition to several fruits (for example blackberries and raspberries) and nuts (walnuts, pecans…), green tea and oolong tea. This polyphenol is found in grape varieties such as Red Muscadine, Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, etc., and ageing in oak barrels multiplies its presence in the wine resulting of its fermentation, so the more ageing, the better.

The study, conducted by biochemists and molecular biologists from the College of Agricultural Sciences at OSU in collaboration with the Universities of Florida and Nebraska, concludes that ellagic acid improves fat accumulation in the liver and reduces the presence of blood sugar (in an experiment performed with laboratory mice overfed with a high fat diet).

This finding, if a similar behaviour in humans is confirmed, would prevent the occurrence of this type of liver fat, very common in people with obesity and diabetes, merely adding to a balanced diet and moderate exercise, the consumption of a small bunch of grapes daily, a glass of red wine, grape juice or its equivalent in other foods with presence of ellagic acid, which is also beneficial in the treatment of chronic inflammation, cholesterol, free radicals and even some types of cancer.

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Arabella Cabernet Sauvignon 2013 is a red wine with DO Robertson from the Arabella cellar produced with cabernet Sauvignon from the 2013 vintage and 13º of volume of alcohol.

 

 

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Catena Malbec 2012 is the maker of this Catena Malbec 2012, a red wine from this DO: Mendoza based on the top of malbec from 2012 vintage and 14º of alcohol.

 

Women are less concerned with quality than men

According to a survey performed recently in the United States, women are less concerned about the quality of wine and look it more as a relaxing drink than men.

The consumption of 59% of the wine sold in the United States is due to purchases of women in that country, who drink more alcohol than men. Despite this, their motives for drinking are very different from those of men. For women, wine is a means of relaxation while men are more careful with their choices based on quality.

Catalina O’Connor, senior analyst at Canadean, said:

?Women are looking to find affordable offers that allow them to enjoy the drink often without feeling guilty about their spending. This makes an essential part of how marketers should target women?.

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In comparison, men drink less wine than women, but spend more, with total sales of 18,000 million dollars in 2013, compared with 10,000 million dollars spent by women.

O’Connor explained:

?These results reflect a growing appreciation of wine among American men. Although beer is still likely to be the standard drink of men, an increasing number of men are looking for wines to find a premium experience with drinks, and to show their knowledge and refined taste?.

And she added:

?In short, while women are looking for wine to accompany their conversations while relaxing with family, for men, wine is conversation?.

Among both, men are more wine lovers and know their characteristics and different brands, while women seek to have a wine they like to relax without spending large sums of money in order to keep their accounts balanced.

Balance is everything. The ideal would be having quality wines for special occasions and affordable wines to relax after a strong work week. Just a moment! As the ones we recommend today!

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Dom Pérignon Vintage 2004

 

 

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Courvoisier VS 1L

When in Rome, drink as the Romans do

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What to drink if we are in China? And in Brazil? We must get ready to drink vodka when we are in Russia? What is clear is that every country has their preferences, as reflected in the study published by the website Ghost in the data.

The study, presented in the form of info-graphics, shows the preferences of each country. Furthermore, if we put the cursor over each of the countries, it will show graphically and in figures the average weekly consumption of each of the countries:

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In Spain, for example, it tells us that beer consumption (1,912 ml) is 6 times bigger than wine (323 ml), while the spirit consumption is half (136 ml).

The biggest weekly wine consumer worldwide is France (1,067 ml, over a liter per head per week), for beer is Namibia (2,530 ml, 2,5 liters), and for distillates, Belarus (323 ml). As for the distribution of favorite drinks, Europe and the Southern Cone countries are more ?wine lovers? than the rest of America; South Africa and Oceania prefer beer, while Asian countries mostly opt for liqueurs and spirits.

So if you are interested in traveling to a country and you don’t know how to get into your suitcase, we suggest to check out this website.

What are your consumption habits? To which country do you most identify yourself? Today we recommend a wine, a beer and a spirit so you don’t have to choose:

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Castello Banfi Rosa Regale 2013

 

 

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Alhambra Reserva 1925

 

 

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Soberano 1L

Color and sound, important when tasting

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In the same way that traditional theories about flavours are being overtaken by new findings showing that gustatory variety is much larger than the common belief told so far, a recent experiment provides the basis of a whole wide range of possibilities regarding the factors that influence the wine tasting.

According to the study, conducted under the Streets of Spain festival, held at London’s South Bank and organized by Campo Viejo winery, color and sound also affect our perception of the taste of wine. With almost 3,000 participants, making this experiment one of the most massive that have been held to date, the results reveal that taste perception is altered by up to 10% by the changes of color and sound in the environment of the place where the wine tasting is performed.

Professor Charles Spence, a cognitive neuroscientist and professor of experimental psychology at Oxford University, who led the experience, organized a tour, called Campo Viejo Color Lab, in which each participant was given a glass of wine according to his or her preference, in a glass of neutral black color. During the experiment, subjects were exposed to a selection of sounds and colors that, according to the findings of Spence, strongly influence taste perception of the wine.

Specifically, the enjoyment of the participants appear to increase significantly with red light and soft music; while green light and ?rough? music increases the freshness but reduce the perceived intensity of the wine. Limited exposure to red light, without music, evokes fruity notes, and green light alone brings freshness. Definitely surprising results that although may seem anecdotal, could be widely applied in the coming years in areas such as decoration and interior design of restaurants, bars and hotels.

Today we recommend two of the best selling wines for you to enjoy in any light:

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Faustino I Gran Reserva 2001

 

 

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La Rioja Alta Gran Reserva 904 2001

Wine consumption in France reached a record low

 - French producers are concerned, and rightly so, because -apart from other problems related to competition and appellations of origin– they are seeing as, in recent years, their countrymen are drinking less and less amount of wine. In fact, according to a recent study made by FranceAgriMer, under the French Ministry of Agriculture, the average consumption is just one glass a day when traditionally it was much higher.

Besides the economic crisis, which has had a fairly negative impact on the consumption of all types of products in France, as in other countries, they are beginning to detect a shift in consumer habits of the French, who increasingly tend to soft drinks and juices to accompany their meals, something that could be called a cultural transformation.

The study data are conclusive, especially when compared with similar studies of the past. So, currently the average French -still being the Europeans who drink more wine- consumes 57 liters annually, while in the mid-sixties of the last century the figure was around 160. Compared to recent years, the data should make think the key industry players: in 2005 the daily drinkers of wine represented 21% of the total, and today only 17%, increasing instead the number of occasional drinkers.

No doubt, some data that should also be considered by wine producers from other countries, traditionally wine consumers. The popularization, firstly, of soft drinks and refreshments (of controversial nutritional value) and, secondly, of fruit juices (more suitable with healthy consumption habits) are slowly changing a tradition rooted in France for centuries, so that its strong wine industry is starting to be forced to take action on the matter.

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Champagne Billecart Salmon Brut Réserve

 

 

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Châteu Minuty Château Minuty M Rosé 2011