Tag: wine tasting

What is a wine tasting?


A wine tasting is done in order to know what are the smells, tastes and colors of wine to catalog it and to conclude their properties, both visual and taste. It is performed by professionals or oenologists, but the tastings lately are aimed at wine lovers, amateurs and people who want to know more about wine culture.

Normally, in the tasting five different wines are tried, to appreciate diversity of shades, colors, flavors, spices and more to give tasting notes and scores to each wine. The tastings are usually made in bright locations, without odors and good temperature conditions, in addition to special transparent glasses.


The stages through which you pass in a wine tasting are basically three: Visual, olfactory and gustatory. It usually begins with theoretical explanations about wines, by the oenologist or professional who imparts the tasting, to pass then to the practical part. At each stage, an explanation of its various properties is given and you can even taste the wines with various foods to measure the power of taste.

Visual stage. Usually done to see the liquid of wine, its shade and color back-lit, always with a white or daylight background. It speaks a lot about the quality and age of the wine.

Olfactory stage. Bring the glass to your nose to appreciate the different aromas which gives the wine. First we notice primary aromas and then we can move the glass to smell the secondary aromas. And if you shake it more, you can notice the tertiary aromas, which often correspond to higher quality wines.

Gustatory stage. It is perhaps the most important when tasting wine. You should retain the wine in the mouth and then spit it into a container. Then you try it again and swallow it to see what are the effects on the palate. The sensations are total, whether if you spit or you swallow the wine.


 TAGS:Monte Real Reserva 2007Monte Real Reserva 2007

Monte Real Reserva 2007



 TAGS:Numanthia 2005Numanthia 2005

Numanthia 2005



 TAGS:Arabella Shiraz 2013Arabella Shiraz 2013

Arabella Shiraz 2013

The last name of wines

 - To mention that a wine has terpenes, pyrazines, norisoprenoids or volatile thiols in the musts, just to name a few, can be hard to understand by the consumer. However, if you were told that the bottle of wine you just bought is composed of a grape wine which releases in its elaboration floral aromas (terpenes) and has a strong scent of pepper (pyrazines), could relate well these references with a Cabernet Sauvignon.

However, if you were told that in your wine there are flavors of exotic fruit, rose and even applesauce (norisoprenoids), one might guess that is about to drink a Chardonnay. On the other hand, if in the liquid you perceive notes of guava, citrus peel and grapefruit (volatile thiols in the must), this consumer would identify that he is facing a Sauvignon Blanc.

The smell, taste and aroma of a wine depend then on their chemical composition; and the prevalence of either substance in each wine will determine its nature. For this reason, knowing what grape is in the wine you buy is essential in identifying which is the variety that you like best.

Beyond the process of elaboration of a wine is almost always the same, the unique expression of the grape responds to its terroir (soil, climate, insolation, care of the vine), which in each region has different nuances and becomes therefore in particular wines.

In general, white wines release citrus aromas of lemon, orange or grapefruit, and fruits such as pear, apricot, melon or gooseberry. On the other hand, the red varieties are characterized by its load of anthocyanins, a substance responsible for the color of the wine that come off when the broken flesh contacts with the skin or peel; and the presence of tannins, polyphenolic compounds associated with astringency and bitter flavor on wine, which prolong its life and provide the consumer, among other things, antioxidants. These evoke red fruits like cherry, plum, raspberry, strawberry or blackberry. Both vinifications can also offer mineral aromas, spices, grass and other, common to fermentation such as bread or yeast.

Wine is not only grapes, but its aromas and flavors are made through chemical processes to which it is subjected, such as fermentation (transformation of the sugar contained in grapes into alcohol), sometimes malolactic fermentation (conversion of malic acid, usually associated with green apple, becoming lactic acid), and aging (preservation in oak barrel or bottle). However, there are some common factors that are expressed in each varietal and remain always reflected in the final product, the bottle.

How to taste wine without being a wine taster

Wine EnthusiastAll those who enjoy wine and feel a weakness for exquisite flavors are unconsciously wine testers, the senses used to try the wine are: sight, smell and taste, and these senses are not exclusive of a taster or a sommelier. Although, to be an expert wine taster takes many years of experience and knowledge that comes only with education, but to have a basic knowledge of wine tasting can be reached with interest and experience in wine consumption.

As I said earlier, the basics of wine tasting is a good use of the 3 senses (sight, smell and taste). Starting there, we can achieve a successful wine tasting.

Always hold the glass by the stem and put it to eye level, so we can see the color, brightness and cleanliness of the wine. By moving the glass you can see “the tears” or “legs” liquid drops of the accumulated liquid will flow back down into the wine, forming arcs or arches and leaving streaks, often considered a indicator of alcoholic strength.


The smell also plays a key role in the tasting, the nose slightly entering in to the cup so we can perceive the aromas called primary, secondary and tertiary respectively, slightly shaking the cup to extend these aromas.

And perhaps the most fundamental point of tasting wine is the wine tasting, a sip, moving the wine throughout our mouth without letting any air in. The flavor and body is one of the most important feelings at trying wines.
Describing wine tasting may sound so easy, but without proper instructions it would be useless and following these steps before appointed and experience is very important, time can be our ally so when you drink wine consider these details try them with wines of similar characteristics, it helps to have points of comparison between one wine and another.

It also helps to get information on the subject by various ways, as well as knowing the basic characteristics of wine testing; this will give us a starting point for wine tasting. To do so as an amateur and for self-satisfaction can be a good start at the fascinating world of wine. Would you join in?